4 Things You Should Know About Your Community

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Often when I ask another pastor who his church is trying to reach, he gives me a very spiritual answer—lost people. It sounds good, but it usually means the pastor has a very fuzzy view of his own community.

When I was in seminary, I was taught I had to understand the culture of the New Testament before I could understand the message of the New Testament. If I understood the culture that the New Testament was set against, I could extract the timeless truth from the text. Every biblical preacher does that when he preaches a sermon.

But I was never taught to exegete the community where I serve. That’s what targeting is. I should know the geography, customs, culture and religious background of my community as much as I do about the biblical times.

You can’t faithfully communicate God’s Word until you exegete your text and your community.

So what about your community should you know? I’d start with these four areas.

  • Its geography. Simply define where the people you want to reach live. Get a map of your city or area and mark where your church is located on that map. Estimate a 15 to 20 minute drive (reasonable driving distance may be a bit different in your community) in each direction from your church and mark those as borders of your primary ministry area. This is your “evangelistic fishing pond.” You may have people drive a couple of hours to get to your church. But most of the people who’ll attend your church will live nearby. By the way, your “fishing pond” will likely expand as your church grows.
  • Its demography. You need to know who lives in the area you’re targeting. Not all demographics will be helpful. I’d focus on a breakdown of these stats: age, marital status, income and occupation. Other stats are interesting but won’t make a difference in what you do in your church. Don’t overdue demographic research.
  • Its culture. No missionary in foreign lands would try to evangelize without understanding the culture. You shouldn’t either. You can’t learn it from studying census data either. Looking for the values, interests, hurts and fears of people means you have to talk to people in your community!
  • Its spirituality. Try to determine what the people in your community understand about the Gospel. Other pastors are often the best source for this. When I started Saddleback, I wrote a letter to all of the evangelical pastors in the Saddleback Valley and asked them some basic information about the spiritual background of the community. I got some great insights from that!

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Rick Warren About Rick Warren

Rick Warren is the founding pastor of Saddleback Church in Lake Forest, Calif., one of America's largest and most influential churches. Rick is author of the New York Times bestseller The Purpose Driven Life. His book, The Purpose Driven Church, was named one of the 100 Christian books that changed the 20th century. He is also founder of Pastors.com, a global Internet community for pastors.

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  • tirzahbelle

    In order to even get accepted into some cultures and their people you have to know and want to get to know the people. We live in Northwest Arctic in Alaska and sometimes it’s hard when newcomers come and lead, because there are alot of Natives who don’t welcome newcomers that easily. But it is very humbling when you meet someone and you know that they want to be your pastor and they want to make a difference, and make an effort to get to know the community :D Of course, this is coming from a local Eskimo.

  • http://propreacher.com/ Brandon

    Exegete your community. Love it! No pastor can preach effectively until they know their audience, but I would guess that few actually do what you have suggested here.

  • Pst. Irungu Kiiru

    Am glad to inform you Rick that am always encouraged and en-lighted by the emails I receive from you, not to mention what impact your books the purpose driven life and church have made in my life. I pray that your ministry my continue impacting millions. Thanks. Irungu from Kenya

  • http://humanwebsite.com.my/ Kent

    I once advised a pastor to do what you mentioned but he doesn’t want to listen to me. As you said, he doesn’t understand the community.

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